Defining a mutational signature for endometrial cancer screening and early detection

Cancer Epidemiol. 2019 Aug;61:129-132. doi: 10.1016/j.canep.2019.06.003. Epub 2019 Jun 22.

Abstract

Introduction: The current availability of genomic information represents an opportunity to develop new strategies for early detection of cancer. New molecular tests for endometrial cancer may improve performance and failure rates of histological aspirate-based diagnosis, and provide promising perspectives for a potential screening scenario. However, the selection of relevant biomarkers to develop efficient strategies can be a challenge.

Materials and methods: We developed an algorithm to identify the largest number of patients with endometrial cancer using the minimum number of somatic mutations based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset.

Results: The algorithm provided the number of subjects with mutations (sensitivity) for a given number of biomarkers included in the signature. For instance, by evaluating the 50 most representative point mutations, up to 81.9% of endometrial cancers can be identified in the TCGA dataset. At gene level, a 92.9% sensitivity can be obtained by interrogating five genes.

Discussion: We developed a computational method to aid in the selection of relevant genomic biomarkers in endometrial cancer that can be adapted to other cancer types or diseases.

Keywords: Algorithm; Biomarkers; Early detection; Endometrial cancer; Genomics; Screening.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Early Detection of Cancer / methods*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Genomics / methods*
  • Humans
  • Mutation