Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) represents a spectrum of lymphoproliferative disorders and is a serious complication of pediatric transplantation. The majority of PTLD are associated with Epstein Barr virus (EBV) and the characteristic EBV+ B cell lymphomas are the leading post-transplant malignancy in children. EBV+ PTLD remains a formidable issue in pediatric transplantation and is thought to result from impaired immunity to EBV as a result of immunosuppression. However, the key viral and immune factors that determine whether EBV+ PTLD develops remain unknown. Recently, there has been much interest in developing biomarkers in order to improve and achieve more personalized approaches, in the clinical diagnosis, management, and treatment of EBV+ PTLD. Here, we review the status of immune-, viral-, and B cell lymphoma-derived candidates for biomarkers of EBV+ PTLD.
Keywords: Biomarker; EBV; PTLD.