Aim: Our aim was to investigate the effects of timing of cord clamping on the risk of hyperbilirubinaemia.
Methods: We recruited 540 normal vaginal deliveries at the Paropakar Maternity and Women's Hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal, from October 2 to November 21, 2014. They were randomised into two groups: 257/270 were cord clamped within 60 seconds and 209/270 after 180 seconds. Transcutaneous bilirubin was measured at discharge and 24 hours. At 4 weeks, 506 mothers were successfully contacted by phone, and the health status of the baby and their history of jaundice and treatment was recorded.
Results: Based on transcutaneous bilirubin at discharge, 22/261 (8.4%) in the early group and 25/263 (9.5%) in the delayed group (P = 0.76) were at high risk of subsequent hyperbilirubinemia. At the 4-week follow-up, jaundice was reported in 13/253 (5.1%) in the early and 17/253 (6.7%) in the delayed group (P = 0.57) and 3/253 (1.2 %) of the early and 1/253 (0.4%) of the delayed group (P = 0.62) received treatment. All analyses were based on intention-to-treat.
Conclusion: Delayed cord clamping was not associated with an increased risk of hyperbilirubinaemia during the first day of life or risk of jaundice within 4 weeks compared with the early group.
Keywords: cord clamping; jaundice; neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia; newborn infant; transcutaneous bilirubin.
©2019 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.