EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF IGLARLIXI IN HISPANICS AND NON-HISPANIC WHITES WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES

Endocr Pract. 2019 Nov;25(11):1091-1100. doi: 10.4158/EP-2018-0615. Epub 2019 Jun 26.

Abstract

Objective: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is more common in Hispanic than non-Hispanic white (NHW) populations worldwide, and ethnicity, among other factors, may affect response to therapy. The efficacy and safety of insulin glargine 100 units/mL (iGlar) and the fixed-ratio combination of iGlar and the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist lixisenatide (iGlarLixi) was assessed in Hispanic and NHW patients with T2D from 25 countries. Methods: In this post hoc analysis, data from two 30-week randomized controlled trials comparing iGlar and iGlarLixi in patients with T2D uncontrolled on basal insulin ± oral antidiabetes drugs (OADs; LixiLan-L: NCT02058160) or uncontrolled on metformin ± OADs (LixiLan-O: NCT02058147) were evaluated. Results: Of the 1,512 patients included across trials, 301 were Hispanic and 1,211 NHW. Compared with iGlar, iGlarLixi resulted in greater reductions in glycated hemoglobin (A1C) and 2-hour postprandial glucose and a higher proportion of patients at target A1C <7.0% (<53 mmol/mol), regardless of ethnicity. Among NHWs from the LixiLan-L trial, documented symptomatic hypoglycemia (plasma glucose ≤70 mg/dL) rates were higher with iGlar compared with iGlarLixi (P = .06), whereas this trend was reversed among Hispanics (P = .07). Nevertheless, in both trials, a greater proportion of patients taking iGlarLixi than iGlar reached the composite efficacy endpoints of target A1C without hypoglycemia and target A1C without weight gain, regardless of ethnicity. Conclusion: These results indicate that iGlarLixi is a viable therapeutic option for both Hispanic and NHW patients with T2D, as it is efficacious without a significant increase in hypoglycemia, irrespective of ethnicity. Abbreviations: A1C = glycated hemoglobin; BMI = body mass index; FPG = fasting plasma glucose; FRC = fixed-ratio combination; GLP-1 RA = glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist; HDL-C = high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol; iGlar = insulin glargine; iGlarLixi = insulin glargine + lixisenatide; LDL-C = low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol; NHW = non-Hispanic white; OAD = oral antidiabetes drug; PPG = postprandial glucose; T2D = type 2 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2* / drug therapy
  • Drug Combinations
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin Glargine / therapeutic use*

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Drug Combinations
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin Glargine