LncRNA DGCR5 regulates the non-small cell lung cancer cell growth, migration, and invasion through regulating miR-211-5p/EPHB6 axis

Biofactors. 2019 Sep;45(5):788-794. doi: 10.1002/biof.1539. Epub 2019 Jun 26.


Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 80% of lung cancers worldwide. In recent years, importance of noncoding RNAs including long noncoding RNA and microRNA in regulating tumor progression has been appreciated. Abnormally expression of DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 5 (DGCR5) was found in multiple human cancers but its function in NSCLC is largely unknown. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was conducted to explore DGCR5 expression level in NSCLC. Bioinformatic analyses were conducted to explore the targets of DGCR5. Cell counting kit-8 assay, wound-healing assay, and transwell invasion assay were performed to analyze functions of DGCR5. RT-qPCR revealed that DGCR5 expression in NSCLC cells was significantly lower than in normal cell. DGCR5 overexpression suppresses NSCLC cell growth, migration, and invasion. Online algorithms found EPH receptor B6 (EPHB6) and DGCR5 contains same miR-211-5p binding region. The predicted connections were further validated by luciferase activity reporter assay. Recue experiments showed DGCR5 regulates NSCLC cell behaviors via targeting miR-211-5p/EPHB6. These findings collectively identified DGCR5/miR-211-5p/EPHB6 triple axis in NSCLC, which may novel understanding regarding the tumorigenesis of NSCLC.

Keywords: DGCR5; EPHB6; ceRNA; miR-211-5p; non-small cell lung cancer.

MeSH terms

  • A549 Cells
  • Base Pairing
  • Binding Sites
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Humans
  • Luciferases / genetics
  • Luciferases / metabolism
  • MicroRNAs / genetics*
  • MicroRNAs / metabolism
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / genetics*
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / metabolism
  • Receptors, Eph Family / genetics*
  • Receptors, Eph Family / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction


  • MIRN211 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • long noncoding RNA DGCR5, human
  • Luciferases
  • EPHB6 protein, human
  • Receptors, Eph Family