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Review
, 47 (2 Suppl), 352-6

The Link Between Nutritional Status and Clinical Outcome: Can Nutritional Intervention Modify It?

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Review

The Link Between Nutritional Status and Clinical Outcome: Can Nutritional Intervention Modify It?

D T Dempsey et al. Am J Clin Nutr.

Abstract

Most clinicians subjectively feel that malnutrition in surgical patients is associated with poor clinical outcome. This overview provides a chronologic review of studies relating poor nutritional status to increased surgical morbidity. Techniques for identifying surgical patients with clinically important nutritional deficits are discussed. Retrospective and/or non-randomized clinical studies evaluating the efficacy of perioperative forced feeding are reviewed. These data suggest a possible role for preoperative nutritional support of selected malnourished surgical candidates and provide the rationale for a large-scale nutrition-intervention clinical trial.

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