Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2019 Aug;114(8):1248-1255.
doi: 10.14309/ajg.0000000000000295.

Persistent Postprandial Regurgitation vs Rumination in Patients With Refractory Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Symptoms: Identification of a Distinct Rumination Pattern Using Ambulatory Impedance-pH Monitoring

Affiliations

Persistent Postprandial Regurgitation vs Rumination in Patients With Refractory Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Symptoms: Identification of a Distinct Rumination Pattern Using Ambulatory Impedance-pH Monitoring

Kenichiro Nakagawa et al. Am J Gastroenterol. .

Abstract

Objectives: Up to 20% of patients with refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) might have postprandial rumination. The aim of this study was to distinguish persistent GERD-related postprandial regurgitation from rumination in patients with refractory GERD undergoing ambulatory multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring.

Methods: We first characterized 24-hour and postprandial MII-pH patterns in 28 consecutive patients with confirmed rumination syndrome (positive clinical and high-resolution manometry/impedance). We compared such MII-pH patterns with those from 30 patients with typical GERD symptoms (10 nonerosive reflux disease, 10 hyperactive esophagus, and 10 functional heartburn) and 27 healthy controls. Using ROC curves, we selected the best MII-pH parameters to prepare an MII-pH rumination score. We prospectively tested the performance of the new MII-pH rumination score in 26 consecutive patients with refractory GERD (predominant regurgitation).

Results: Compared with GERD controls, patients with rumination were more often females, younger, and had significantly more postprandial early nonacid reflux episodes with high proximal extent. Postprandial reflux in ruminators had a distinct nadir pH profile over time (from nonacid to acid). Despite increased reflux events, baseline impedance in ruminators was similar to that in healthy subjects. Ruminators marked postprandial symptoms earlier and much more often than patients with GERD. An MII-pH-based rumination score (using postprandial nonacid reflux/hour and Symptom Index) diagnosed rumination in 46% of patients with refractory GERD and persistent regurgitation (sensitivity 91.7% and specificity 78.6%).

Discussion: Postprandial rumination is very common in refractory GERD with persistent regurgitation. A simple MII-pH score detects rumination in these patients with high sensitivity and specificity.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 1 article

Publication types

Substances

Feedback