Permanent His bundle pacing: shaping the future of physiological ventricular pacing

Nat Rev Cardiol. 2020 Jan;17(1):22-36. doi: 10.1038/s41569-019-0224-z. Epub 2019 Jun 27.


Conventional right ventricular (RV) pacing, particularly RV apical pacing, can have deleterious effects on cardiac function. Long-term RV apical pacing has been associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation, hospitalization for heart failure, pacing-induced cardiomyopathy and associated death. His bundle pacing (HBP) results in physiological ventricular activation and has generated tremendous research interest and enthusiasm. By stimulating the His-Purkinje network directly, HBP results in synchronized ventricular activation, which might translate into improved clinical outcomes compared with dyssynchronous ventricular activation with RV apical pacing. HBP can also overcome bundle branch block patterns, and data are accumulating on the benefit of HBP for cardiac resynchronization therapy. In this Review, we summarize the anatomy of the His bundle and early clinical observations, implantation techniques and available outcome data associated with permanent HBP. We also highlight the challenges with HBP and the need for additional tools and more randomized data before widespread application of permanent HBP.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials
  • Animals
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / diagnosis
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / mortality
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / physiopathology
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / therapy*
  • Bundle of His / physiopathology*
  • Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / adverse effects
  • Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / mortality
  • Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / trends*
  • Diffusion of Innovation
  • Forecasting
  • Heart Failure / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Failure / mortality
  • Heart Failure / physiopathology
  • Heart Failure / therapy*
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome