Association between novel inflammatory markers derived from hemogram indices and metabolic parameters in type 2 diabetic men

Aging Male. 2020 Dec;23(5):923-927. doi: 10.1080/13685538.2019.1632283. Epub 2019 Jun 28.

Abstract

Aim: Hemogram indices were proposed as novel inflammatory markers in chronic conditions and inflammation has substantial role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to observe hemogram parameters of type 2 diabetic male subjects with various age groups in well and poorly controlled subsets.

Methods: Data of type 2 diabetic men enrolled to the study were recorded from patient files of the institution. Study population were grouped into three according to the age. Group A was consisted of patients younger than 55 years, Group B was consisted of patients aged between 55 and 64 years, and Group C was consisted of patients aged 65 years or older. Data of the study groups were compared.

Results: Study population was consisted of 130 subjects; 44 in Group A and 43 in each of Groups B and C. Median red cell distribution width (RDW) (p = .04), mean RDW to platelet ratio (RPR) (p = .006), median mean platelet volume to platelet ratio (MPR) (p = .02) levels of the study groups were statistically different. HbA1c level was significantly and positively correlated with RDW (r = 0.45, p < .001), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (r = 0.47, p < .001), mean platelet volume to lymphocyte ratio (MLR) (r = 0.35, p < .001), MPR (r = 0.26, p = .003), and RPR (r = 0.37, p < .001) levels.

Conclusion: Elevated RDW, NLR, MLR, MPR, and RPR levels in diabetic men should trigger the measurement of HbA1c since each were strongly correlated with HbA1c level. Moreover, elevated RDW, NLR, MLR, and RPR could be marker of worse diabetic control in men with T2DM.

Keywords: Inflammation; hemogram indices; type 2 diabetes mellitus.

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2*
  • Humans
  • Lymphocytes
  • Male
  • Mean Platelet Volume
  • Neutrophils

Substances

  • Biomarkers