Evaluation of a nucleic acid amplification assay for the diagnosis of Clostridioides difficile infection

Anaerobe. 2019 Oct:59:201-204. doi: 10.1016/j.anaerobe.2019.06.015. Epub 2019 Jun 27.


Clostridioides difficile is the leading cause of healthcare-associated diarrhea and the laboratory diagnosis of Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) continues to be challenging. Accurate and rapid identification of C. difficile will reduce unnecessary antibiotic use and ensure contact isolation to control the spread of CDI. In this study, diagnostic performance of BD MAX Cdiff assay (Becton Dickinson, USA) was evaluated for the detection of C. difficile in 2502 fresh stool samples from hospitalized children and adult patients and the results were compared to toxigenic culture. The frequency of CDI in adults and pediatric patients were found as 3.3% and 6.2%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of BD MAX Cdiff assay were found as; 100%, 99.7%, 93%, and 100% for all patients; 100%, 99.7%, 96.2%, and 100% for pediatric patients; and 100%, 99.6%, 90.2%, and 100% for adult patients, respectively. We concluded that BD MAX Cdiff assay with high sensitivity, specificity, and PPV is useful for the diagnosis of CDI. With a high NPV of 100%, BD MAX Cdiff assay is also suitable for the exclusion of CDI.

Keywords: BD MAX cdiff; Clostridioides difficile; Healthcare-associated diarrhea; Toxigenic culture.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Clostridioides difficile / isolation & purification*
  • Clostridium Infections / diagnosis*
  • Feces / microbiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Diagnostic Techniques / methods*
  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques / methods*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • United States
  • Young Adult