Adverse effects of energy drink on rat pancreas and the therapeutic role of each of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and Nigella Sativa oil

Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2020;79(2):272-279. doi: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0069. Epub 2019 Jul 1.


Background: Energy drinks have been observed to threaten public health leading to many medical problems. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have broad prospects in tissue regeneration. Nigella Sativa (NS) possess great therapeutic properties for the treatment of a wide range of diseases.

Materials and methods: Forty adult male albino rats were divided into: control group and treated group. The treated group was further subdivided into: energy drink subgroup 2a, BMSCs-injected subgroup 2b, NS-injected subgroup 2c. Histological, immunohistochemical and biochemical assessment was performed.

Results: Administration of energy drink revealed that it adversely affected the pancreatic cytoarchitecture. BMSCs and NS have been similarly observed to significantly ameliorate the histological, biochemical and immunohistochemical changes induced by energy drink.

Conclusions: The extent of pancreatic regeneration, exerted by each of BMSCs and NS oil, is nearly similar but the effect of BMSCs is more superior; however, NS could be privileged to BMSCs as a line of treatment being easily accessible and of lower cost.

Keywords: Nigella Sativa; bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells; energy drink; pancreas.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Energy Drinks / toxicity*
  • Male
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation / methods*
  • Pancreas / drug effects*
  • Pancreas / pathology*
  • Plant Oils / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Plant Oils
  • caraway oil