Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus have been associated with vitamin D deficiency. Diabetic ketoacidosis, which is a complication of type 1 and, rarely, type 2 diabetes, is also found to be associated with vitamin D levels. This review discusses studies on the correlation between diabetic ketoacidosis and vitamin D levels. Studies show that vitamin D deficiency is associated with the occurrence of diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis is also found to affect vitamin D levels. The possible explanation of diabetic ketoacidosis affecting vitamin D levels is the inactivity of the 1-alpha-hydroxylase enzyme and an increase in the renal excretion of vitamin D binding proteins. The presence of vitamin D receptors on pancreatic beta cells explains the role of vitamin D in the causation of diabetic ketoacidosis.
Keywords: diabetic ketoacidosis; type 1 diabetes; vitamin d levels.