Light-induced reactions of methionine and riboflavin in model wine: Effects of hydrolysable tannins and sulfur dioxide

Food Chem. 2019 Nov 15:298:124952. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.124952. Epub 2019 Jun 6.


The riboflavin-mediated photo-degradation of methionine in white wine has been related to onset of undesired light-struck taste. This research investigated the effects of different concentrations of riboflavin and methionine, hydrolysable tannins from various sources (nut galls, chestnut and oak woods) and sulfur dioxide on methionine degradation in a model wine exposed to light. Increased methionine concentration resulted in its increased degradation with the consequent formation of volatile sulfur compounds, namely methanethiol, dimethyl disulphide and dimethyl trisulphide. Tannins, especially nut gall tannin, were effective in limiting both methionine degradation and the production of volatile sulfur compounds. Sulfur dioxide enhanced the methionine degradation although the light-struck taste was not perceived when sulfur dioxide concentration was higher than 50 mg/L. In conclusion, the use of hydrolysable tannins can represent a promising tool for protecting white wine against the light-struck taste also limiting the use of sulfur dioxide.

Keywords: Dimethyl disulphide; Light exposure; Light-struck taste; Methanethiol; Photo-degradation.

MeSH terms

  • Disulfides / chemistry
  • Hydrolyzable Tannins / chemistry*
  • Light
  • Methionine / chemistry*
  • Methionine / metabolism
  • Photochemical Processes
  • Riboflavin / chemistry*
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds / chemistry
  • Sulfur Dioxide / chemistry*
  • Taste / drug effects
  • Volatile Organic Compounds / chemistry
  • Volatile Organic Compounds / metabolism
  • Wine* / analysis


  • Disulfides
  • Hydrolyzable Tannins
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds
  • Volatile Organic Compounds
  • Sulfur Dioxide
  • methylmercaptan
  • dimethyl disulfide
  • Methionine
  • Riboflavin