The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a reliable and relatively low-cost method for measuring soluble ligands such as antibodies and proteins in biological samples. For analysis of specific antibodies in serum, a capture antigen is immobilized onto a solid polystyrene surface from which it can capture the antibodies. The captured antibodies are subsequently detected using a secondary antibody conjugated to an enzyme. Detection is accomplished by addition of a colorimetric substrate, and the readout is absorbance (optical density). Here, we provide a detailed standardized ELISA protocol for the quantification of antibodies against malaria antigens.
Keywords: Antibodies; Antigens; ELISA; Optical density; Serum.