Cross-species Functional Modules Link Proteostasis to Human Normal Aging

PLoS Comput Biol. 2019 Jul 3;15(7):e1007162. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007162. eCollection 2019 Jul.

Abstract

The evolutionarily conserved nature of the few well-known anti-aging interventions that affect lifespan, such as caloric restriction, suggests that aging-related research in model organisms is directly relevant to human aging. Since human lifespan is a complex trait, a systems-level approach will contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of the underlying aging landscape. Here, we integrate evolutionary and functional information of normal aging across human and model organisms at three levels: gene-level, process-level, and network-level. We identify evolutionarily conserved modules of normal aging across diverse taxa, and notably show proteostasis to be conserved in normal aging. Additionally, we find that mechanisms related to protein quality control network are enriched for genes harboring genetic variants associated with 22 age-related human traits and associated to caloric restriction. These results demonstrate that a systems-level approach, combined with evolutionary conservation, allows the detection of candidate aging genes and pathways relevant to human normal aging.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging / genetics
  • Aging / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Caenorhabditis elegans
  • Caloric Restriction
  • Computational Biology
  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • Longevity / genetics
  • Longevity / physiology
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological
  • Proteostasis* / genetics
  • Species Specificity
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Genetic Markers