Myosin VI Drives Clathrin-Mediated AMPA Receptor Endocytosis to Facilitate Cerebellar Long-Term Depression

Cell Rep. 2019 Jul 2;28(1):11-20.e9. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.06.005.


Myosin VI is an actin-based cytoskeletal motor implicated in various steps of membrane trafficking. Here, we investigated whether this myosin is crucial for synaptic function and plasticity in neurons. We find that myosin VI localizes at cerebellar parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses and that the myosin is indispensable for long-term depression of AMPA-receptor-mediated synaptic signal transmission at this synapse. Moreover, direct visualization of GluA2-containing AMPA receptors in Purkinje cells reveals that the myosin drives removal of AMPA receptors from the surface of dendritic spines in an activity-dependent manner. Co-immunoprecipitation and super-resolution microscopy indicate that specifically the interaction of myosin VI with the clathrin adaptor component α-adaptin is important during long-term depression. Together, these data suggest that myosin VI directly promotes clathrin-mediated endocytosis of AMPA receptors in Purkinje cells to mediate cerebellar long-term depression. Our results provide insights into myosin VI function and the molecular mechanisms underlying synaptic plasticity.

Keywords: AMPA receptor; Myo6; Purkinje cell; actin cytoskeleton; cerebellum; clathrin-mediated endocytosis; dendritic spines; long-term depression; motor protein; myosin; synaptic plasticity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Protein Complex alpha Subunits / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cerebellum / cytology
  • Cerebellum / metabolism*
  • Cerebellum / physiology
  • Clathrin / metabolism
  • Dendritic Spines / drug effects
  • Dendritic Spines / metabolism
  • Endocytosis / genetics
  • Endocytosis / physiology
  • Hippocampus / cytology
  • Hippocampus / metabolism
  • Long-Term Synaptic Depression* / drug effects
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Myosin Heavy Chains / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Myosin Heavy Chains / genetics
  • Myosin Heavy Chains / metabolism*
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Purkinje Cells / metabolism
  • Receptors, AMPA / agonists
  • Receptors, AMPA / chemistry
  • Receptors, AMPA / metabolism*
  • Synaptic Transmission / drug effects
  • Synaptic Transmission / genetics
  • Synaptic Transmission / physiology


  • Adaptor Protein Complex alpha Subunits
  • Clathrin
  • Receptors, AMPA
  • myosin VI
  • Myosin Heavy Chains