Bioactive Compounds of Strawberry and Blueberry and Their Potential Health Effects Based on Human Intervention Studies: A Brief Overview

Nutrients. 2019 Jul 2;11(7):1510. doi: 10.3390/nu11071510.


Strawberries and blueberries are two of the most commonly consumed berries. Berries, in general, are characterized by their highly nutritive compounds, including minerals, vitamins, fatty acids, and dietary fiber, as well as their high content and wide diversity of bioactive compounds, such as phenolic compounds and organic acids. These bioactive compounds have been associated with protective effects against chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, Alzheimer's and other disorders. In this paper 16 human intervention studies investigating the beneficial health effects of dietary strawberry or blueberry consumption on inflammation, cardiovascular disease or cognitive function and mental health are reviewed.

Keywords: anthocyanidins; berries; cardiovascular disease; inflammation; polyphenols.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anthocyanins / analysis*
  • Blueberry Plants / chemistry*
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Diet, Healthy*
  • Fragaria / chemistry*
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Nutritive Value
  • Polyphenols / analysis*
  • Recommended Dietary Allowances
  • Risk Reduction Behavior


  • Anthocyanins
  • Polyphenols