Combining 3D-MOT With Sport Decision-Making for Perceptual-Cognitive Training in Virtual Reality

Percept Mot Skills. 2019 Oct;126(5):922-948. doi: 10.1177/0031512519860286. Epub 2019 Jul 4.


This study introduces a virtual life-sized perceptual-cognitive training paradigm that combines three-dimensional multiple object tracking (3D-MOT) with motor (Experiment 1) or perceptual (Experiment 2) sport decision-making tasks. We sought to assess the impact of training on task performance and determine optimal training conditions for improvement and learning. Fifty-seven participants were randomly assigned to one of four training conditions (isolated 3D-MOT, 3D-MOT combined with a decision-making task, consolidated 3D-MOT later combined with a decision-making task, and isolated decision-making task). We evaluated task performance using speed thresholds, success rate (%), and reaction time (s). Findings were that the dual-task paradigm was associated with performance beyond chance level on both 3D-MOT and decision-making tasks despite an important dual-task cost. Interestingly, the results seemed to favor consolidated 3D-MOT training over simultaneous 3D-MOT training when combined with a motor decision-making task but not when combined with a perceptual decision-making task. The number of shared attentional resources in the nature of the additional task (i.e., perceptual or motor decision-making) seems to be key in interpreting the dual-task interference. These findings must be considered when designing representative multitask perceptual-cognitive training.

Keywords: 3D-MOT; decision-making; dual task; perceptual-cognitive training; sport performance; virtual reality.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Athletic Performance*
  • Attention
  • Cognition*
  • Decision Making*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Male
  • Reaction Time
  • Simulation Training / methods*
  • Sports
  • Task Performance and Analysis
  • Virtual Reality*
  • Young Adult