Improved astaxanthin production by Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous SK984 with oak leaf extract and inorganic phosphate supplementation

Food Sci Biotechnol. 2019 Apr 6;28(4):1171-1176. doi: 10.1007/s10068-019-00604-w. eCollection 2019 Aug.


Astaxanthin is widely used in food, feed and nutraceutical industries. Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous is one of the most promising natural sources of astaxanthin. However, the astaxanthin yield in the wild-type X. dendrorhous is considered low for industrial application. In the present study, X. dendrorhous ATCC 66272 was subjected to two-staged mutagenesis: (i) UV light and (ii) N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso-guanidine (NTG) toward attaining higher astaxanthin yield. The UV-irradiation mutant, X. dendrorhous SK974 showed 1.7-fold (1.07 mg/g) higher astaxanthin production as compared with the wild-type strain (0.65 mg/g). The UV mutant strain was then treated with NTG, designated as X. dendrorhous SK984, displayed further 1.4-fold (1.45 mg/g) higher astaxanthin production. Furthermore, the oak leaf extract (5%, v/v) and inorganic phosphate (KH2PO4, 3 mM) supplementation resulted about 1.4-fold (1.98 mg/g) higher astaxanthin production as compared with control (1.45 mg/g) in X. dendrorhous SK984. These findings serve as a platform suggesting that intersecting approaches might be aimed toward systematically enhanced astaxanthin production.

Keywords: Astaxanthin; Inorganic phosphate; Mutagenesis; Oak leaf extract; X. dendrorhous.