Machine-learning techniques have led to remarkable advances in data extraction and analysis of medical imaging. Applications of machine learning to breast MRI continue to expand rapidly as increasingly accurate 3D breast and lesion segmentation allows the combination of radiologist-level interpretation (eg, BI-RADS lexicon), data from advanced multiparametric imaging techniques, and patient-level data such as genetic risk markers. Advances in breast MRI feature extraction have led to rapid dataset analysis, which offers promise in large pooled multiinstitutional data analysis. The object of this review is to provide an overview of machine-learning and deep-learning techniques for breast MRI, including supervised and unsupervised methods, anatomic breast segmentation, and lesion segmentation. Finally, it explores the role of machine learning, current limitations, and future applications to texture analysis, radiomics, and radiogenomics. Level of Evidence: 3 Technical Efficacy Stage: 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2019.
Keywords: MR; artificial intelligence; breast; deep learning; machine learning; radiomics.
© 2019 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.
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