Background and aims: Linked color imaging (LCI) is a newly available image-enhanced endoscopy (IEE) system that emphasizes the red mucosal color. No study has yet compared LCI with other available IEE systems. Our aim was to investigate polyp detection rates using LCI compared with narrow-band imaging (NBI).
Methods: This is a prospective randomized tandem colonoscopy study. Eligible patients who underwent colonoscopy for symptoms or screening/surveillance were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive tandem colonoscopy with both colonoscope withdrawals using LCI or NBI. The primary outcome was the polyp detection rate.
Results: Two hundred seventy-two patients were randomized (mean age, 62 years; 48.2% male; colonoscopy for symptoms, 72.8%) with 136 in each arm. During the first colonoscopy, the polyp detection rate (71.3% vs 55.9%; P = .008), serrated lesion detection rate (34.6% vs 22.1%; P = .02), and mean number of polyps detected (2.04 vs 1.35; P = .02) were significantly higher in the NBI group than in the LCI group. There was also a trend of higher adenoma detection rate in the NBI group compared with the LCI group (51.5% vs 39.7%, respectively; P = .05). Multivariable analysis confirmed that use of NBI (adjusted odds ratio, 1.99; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-3.68) and withdrawal time >8 minutes (adjusted odds ratio, 5.11; 95% confidence interval, 2.79-9.67) were associated with polyp detection. Overall, 20.5% of polyps and 18.1% of adenomas were missed by the first colonoscopy, but there was no significant difference in the miss rates between the 2 groups.
Conclusion: NBI was significantly better than LCI for colorectal polyp detection. However, both LCI and NBI missed 20.5% of polyps. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT03336359.).
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