Insulin-degrading enzyme, IDE, is a metalloprotease implicated in the metabolism of key peptides such as insulin, glucagon, β-amyloid peptide. Recent studies have pointed out its broader role in the cell physiology. In order to identify new drug-like inhibitors of IDE with optimal pharmacokinetic properties to probe its multiple roles, we ran a high-throughput drug repurposing screening. Ebselen, cefmetazole and rabeprazole were identified as reversible inhibitors of IDE. Ebselen is the most potent inhibitor (IC50(insulin) = 14 nM). The molecular mode of action of ebselen was investigated by biophysical methods. We show that ebselen induces the disorder of the IDE catalytic cleft, which significantly differs from the previously reported IDE inhibitors. IDE inhibition by ebselen can explain some of its reported activities in metabolism as well as in neuroprotection.
Keywords: Drug repurposing; Ebselen; Enzymes; Inhibitors; Screening.
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