Determinants of hypertension treatment adherence among a Chinese population using the therapeutic adherence scale for hypertensive patients

Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Jul;98(27):e16116. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000016116.


To assess the adherence level of antihypertensive treatment and identify any associated risk factors in a sample of hypertensive patients from China.A cross-sectional study involving 488 Chinese hypertensive patients was conducted in a tertiary hospital in Xi'an, China. Data were collected regarding socio-demographic factors and hypertension-related clinical characteristics. The adherence to treatment was assessed using the previously validated instrument: therapeutic adherence scale for hypertensive patients.A total of 27.46% of patients were compliant with their antihypertensive treatments. Three factors were identified to be independently associated with antihypertensive treatment adherence: gender (P = .034), residence (P = .029), duration of high blood pressure (P < .001). Gender, residence, occupation, and the duration of antihypertensive drugs treatment used were found to have significant effects on treatment adherence in certain categories.Treatment adherence among hypertensive patients in China was poor. More attention and effective strategies should be designed to address factors affecting treatment adherence. Education about hypertension knowledge should be strengthened for patients. Moreover, the importance of lifestyle modification during hypertension treatment is often neglected by patients, therefore, there is an urgent need to educate hypertensive patients about the adherence to lifestyle modifications.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • China
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / classification
  • Hypertension / therapy*
  • Male
  • Medication Adherence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Antihypertensive Agents