Multi-region Exome Sequencing Reveals Genomic Evolution From Preneoplasia to Lung Adenocarcinoma

Nat Commun. 2019 Jul 5;10(1):2978. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-10877-8.

Abstract

There has been a dramatic increase in the detection of lung nodules, many of which are preneoplasia atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH), adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) or invasive adenocarcinoma (ADC). The molecular landscape and the evolutionary trajectory of lung preneoplasia have not been well defined. Here, we perform multi-region exome sequencing of 116 resected lung nodules including AAH (n = 22), AIS (n = 27), MIA (n = 54) and synchronous ADC (n = 13). Comparing AAH to AIS, MIA and ADC, we observe progressive genomic evolution at the single nucleotide level and demarcated evolution at the chromosomal level supporting the early lung carcinogenesis model from AAH to AIS, MIA and ADC. Subclonal analyses reveal a higher proportion of clonal mutations in AIS/MIA/ADC than AAH suggesting neoplastic transformation of lung preneoplasia is predominantly associated with a selective sweep of unfit subclones. Analysis of multifocal pulmonary nodules from the same patients reveal evidence of convergent evolution.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma of Lung / genetics*
  • Adenocarcinoma of Lung / pathology
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carcinogenesis / genetics
  • Evolution, Molecular*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia / genetics
  • Hyperplasia / pathology
  • Lung / pathology*
  • Lung Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Precancerous Conditions / genetics*
  • Precancerous Conditions / pathology
  • Whole Exome Sequencing