Validity and reliability of pocket-sized ultrasound devices in measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter in ICU patients

J Clin Monit Comput. 2020 Jun;34(3):597-605. doi: 10.1007/s10877-019-00351-7. Epub 2019 Jul 5.


The measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) by ultrasonography (USG) is particularly important for intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring when invasive measurements are not possible or are contraindicated. Standard USG (SUDs) devices can be bulky and may break down the workflow. The validity and reliability of pocket-sized USG devices (PSUDs) compared to SUDs for ONSD measurement has not been investigated, yet. We compared the reliability and validity of PSUDs with SUDs for ONSD measurement. 35 patients were included in the study. ONSD measurements with PSUDs and SUDs were performed by two clinicians as three different measurements in both sagittal and transverse axis of the eye. There was agreement between mean transverse ONSD (mtONSD), mean sagittal ONSD (msONSD), and mean ONSD(mONSD) values measured with each device according to Bland-Altman test (p = 0.166, p = 0.135, p = 0.066, respectively) with no proportional bias (p = 0.544, p = 0.868, p = 0.929, respectively). Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were found to be greater than 0.7 for mtONSD, msONSD, and mONSD values measured by SUD (ICC = 0.790, ICC = 0.817, and ICC = 0.844, respectively). Similarly, for mtONSD, msONSD, and mONSD values measured by PSUD, ICC were found greater than 0.7 (ICC = 0.763, ICC = 0.814, and ICC = 0.843, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference between mtONSD and msONSD (p = 0.441 for SUD and p = 0.893 for PSUD). There was a good correlation between mtONSD and msONSD (r = 0.767 for SUD and r = 0.816 for PSUD). The total variance between three different measurements in the transverse and sagittal axis was ± 0.6 mm. PSUDs can be used with similar validity and reliability as SUDs for ONSD measurement.

Keywords: Intensive care unit; Intracranial pressure; Noninvasive monitoring; Optic nerve sheath; Pocket-sized ultrasonography device; Respiratory failure.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Central Nervous System
  • Critical Care / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units
  • Intracranial Hypertension
  • Intracranial Pressure / physiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Intraoperative / instrumentation*
  • Monitoring, Intraoperative / methods*
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • Optic Nerve / physiopathology
  • Optic Nerve / surgery*
  • Prospective Studies
  • ROC Curve
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Ultrasonography / instrumentation*
  • Ultrasonography / methods*