Chemotherapy has been the treatment of choice for unresectable peritoneal dissemination; however, it is difficult to eradicate such tumors because of poor drug delivery. To solve this issue, we developed FF-10832 as liposome-encapsulated gemcitabine to maintain a high concentration of gemcitabine in peritoneal tumors from the circulation and ascites. A syngeneic mouse model of peritoneal dissemination using murine Colon26 cell line was selected to compare the drug efficacy and pharmacokinetics of FF-10832 with those of gemcitabine. Despite the single intravenous administration, FF-10832 treatment enabled long-term survival of the lethal model mice as compared with those treated with gemcitabine. Pharmacokinetic analysis clarified that FF-10832 could achieve a more effective gemcitabine delivery to peritoneal tumors owing to better stability in the circulation and ascites. The novel liposome-encapsulated gemcitabine FF-10832 may be a curative therapeutic tool for cancer patients with unresectable peritoneal dissemination via the effective delivery of gemcitabine to target tumors.
Keywords: gemcitabine; liposomes; nanotechnology; peritoneal neoplasms; survival analysis.
© 2019 The Authors. Cancer Science published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Japanese Cancer Association.