Postoperative complications in combined gynecologic, plastic, and breast surgery: An analysis from National Surgical Quality Improvement Program

Breast J. 2019 Nov;25(6):1111-1116. doi: 10.1111/tbj.13429. Epub 2019 Jul 6.


Patients undergoing the addition of a contralateral prophylactic mastectomy with unilateral breast cancer have an increased and potentially doubled post-operative complication rate. One documented detriment from post-operative complications is the potential delay in initiating adjuvant therapy. To determine if the addition of a gynecologic and/or plastic reconstructive procedure to breast surgery results in an increased risk of postoperative complications and re-admissions, we evaluated outcomes in patients undergoing single vs multi-site surgery in a large national surgical database. We utilized the National Surgery Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database to identify patients who underwent breast surgery between 2011 and 2015. We extracted patients who underwent prophylactic oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy as a comparison group. Chi square analysis was used to assess postoperative outcomes including complications, readmission, and reoperation. All statistics were performed in SPSS v. 24. During the study timeframe, 77 030 patients had a solitary or combined breast surgical procedure and a second cohort of 124 patients underwent gynecologic surgery. Breast cancer patients who did not have a simultaneous reconstruction or gynecologic procedure were older with more comorbidities. Patients undergoing coordinated procedures had a significantly longer length of stay, higher complication, readmission, and reoperation rates (P < 0.001 for all) as compared with patients who underwent single site surgery. Patients with surgery for breast cancer, either with a plastic or gynecologic procedure, have greater postoperative complications. Higher complication rates for those with coordinated operations may lead to delays in adjuvant therapy and discussions regarding the indications for simultaneous surgery are recommended.

Keywords: combined breast surgery.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies
  • Comorbidity
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy / adverse effects*
  • Hysterectomy / statistics & numerical data
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Mammaplasty / adverse effects*
  • Mammaplasty / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Ovariectomy / adverse effects*
  • Ovariectomy / statistics & numerical data
  • Patient Readmission / statistics & numerical data
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
  • Prophylactic Mastectomy / adverse effects*
  • Prophylactic Mastectomy / statistics & numerical data
  • Quality Improvement
  • Reoperation / statistics & numerical data
  • Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy / statistics & numerical data