The Impact of Preoperative Breast MRI on Surgical Management of Women with Newly Diagnosed Ductal Carcinoma In Situ

Acad Radiol. 2020 Apr;27(4):478-486. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2019.05.013. Epub 2019 Jul 5.


Rationale and objectives: Use of preoperative breast MRI (pMRI) to evaluate ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) extent is controversial due to limited data on its impact on surgical management. We sought to evaluate the effect of pMRI on surgical management of women with core needle biopsy (CNB)-diagnosed pure DCIS at a multidisciplinary academic institution.

Materials and methods: This retrospective study included all women with CNB-diagnosed DCIS (1/2004-12/2013) without prior ipsilateral breast cancer and who underwent surgery within 180 days of diagnosis. Patient features, number of CNBs and surgeries, and single successful breast conserving surgery (BCS) rate were compared between pMRI and no-pMRI cohorts. Number of surgeries and single BCS success rates were also compared to published US (SEER) and Danish National Registry data.

Results: Among the 373 women included, no clinical differences were identified between the pMRI (n = 332) and no-pMRI (n = 41) cohorts (p > 0.05). The pMRI group experienced a higher additional CNB rate (30% vs. 7%, p = 0.002) but fewer total surgeries (mean = 1.2 vs. 1.5, p < 0.001) than the no-pMRI group. Among the 245 women for whom BCS was attempted, the pMRI cohort underwent fewer mean surgeries (1.3 vs. 1.7, p < 0.001) with a greater single successful BCS rate (77% vs. 43%, p < 0.001). Compared to published data, women with pMRI who underwent BCS experienced fewer surgeries (difference (Δ) = -0.22 vs. -0.17, p < 0.001) with a higher single successful BCS rate (Δ = +20% vs. +14%, p < 0.001).

Conclusion: pMRI may improve surgical management of DCIS at multidisciplinary centers with breast cancer specialists.

Keywords: Core needle biopsy; Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS); Preoperative breast MRI; Surgical management; surgical outcomes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Breast Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast*
  • Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating* / diagnostic imaging
  • Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating* / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Mastectomy, Segmental
  • Retrospective Studies