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, 79 (4), 307-319

Perfluoroalkyls/polyfluoroalkyl Substances and Dental Caries Experience in Children, Ages 3-11 Years, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2014

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Perfluoroalkyls/polyfluoroalkyl Substances and Dental Caries Experience in Children, Ages 3-11 Years, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2014

R Constance Wiener et al. J Public Health Dent.

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this research is to determine the association of seven perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances versus dental caries experience in US children, ages 3-11 years.

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used in the analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2014 serological data of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances. The seven perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances were: 2-(N-methyl-perfluorooctane sulfonamide) acetic acid; perfluorodecanoic acid; perfluorononanoic acid; perfluorohexane sulfonic acid; linear isomers of perfluorooctanoate; linear perfluorooctane sulfonate; and monomethyl branched isomers of perfluorooctane sulfonate. Two summative variables were created: monomethyl branch isomers of perfluorooctane sulfonic acid with linear isomer of perfluorooctane and branch isomers of perfluorooctanoate with linear isomer perfluorooctonate.

Results: In unadjusted logistic regression, in which the comparison was between the less than 75th percentile reference group and the 75th and above percentile group, higher perfluorodecanoic acid was associated with dental caries experience [unadjusted odds ratio: 1.79 (95% CI: 1.19, 2.46; P = 0.0069); adjusted odds ratio: 1.54 (95% CI: 1.03, 2.30; P = 0.0385)].

Conclusions: Of the seven examined perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances, only perfluorodecanoic acid had an association with dental caries experience in an unadjusted model and adjusted logistic regression model.

Keywords: C8; PFOA; PFOS; perfluorinated compounds; perfluoroalkyl; polyfluoroalkyl.

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