Effect of elevated free fatty acids on glucose oxidation in normal humans

Metabolism. 1988 Apr;37(4):323-9. doi: 10.1016/0026-0495(88)90131-x.


In vitro studies indicating an inverse relationship between free fatty acid (FFA) availability and glucose oxidation led to proposal of the glucose-fatty acid cycle. In vivo studies have yielded conflicting results regarding the effect of FFA on glucose oxidation. In the present study the effect of FFA on glucose oxidation was determined in six normal volunteer subjects. The rate of glucose uptake was fixed by using a constant glucose infusion to suppress endogenous glucose production. Glucose was infused continuously overnight and during the four hour study at 8 mg/kg X min to ensure use of glucose as an energy substrate by virtually all tissues. Following a two-hour baseline glucose infusion, infusion of 20% IV fat emulsion at 1.0 mL/min plus heparin was added to the constant glucose infusion for two additional hours. Total carbohydrate oxidation was determined by indirect calorimetry, and the direct oxidation of the infused (plasma) glucose was measured by the use of U-13C-glucose. Glycogen oxidation was calculated as the difference between total carbohydrate oxidation and the oxidation of plasma glucose. Glucose uptake was calculated from the infusion rate, corrected for any changes in plasma and/or urine glucose concentration. Glucose uptake closely approximated the rate of IV glucose infusion and was unchanged by fat infusion. The percent of CO2 production from U-13C-glucose oxidation (74.5 +/- 12.3, mean +/- SD) was not affected by FFA, nor was the percent of glucose uptake oxidized (37.5 +/- 4.0).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Calorimetry
  • Carbon Dioxide / metabolism
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / blood*
  • Female
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Male
  • Oxidation-Reduction


  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
  • Insulin
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Glucose