There is a wealth of information and research on health inequalities in Barcelona, but this issue has not been clearly prioritised on the political agenda. The arrival in government of a new left-wing party (Barcelona en Comú) in 2015, gave an important boost to the political agenda to reduce inequalities and health inequalities. The aim of this review is to describe the progress made in relation to health inequalities in these four years and especially in the areas involving public health. With respect to evidence and communication on health inequalities, the progress made is presented in the Barcelona annual health report and the creation of the Observatory on Health, Inequalities and Impacts of Municipal Policies. The policies presented refer to different municipal strategies, the Health Plan, the promotion of the Barcelona Health in the Neighbourhoods programme and the Plan for Tackling Inequalities in the Barcelona Public Health Agency. The combination of political will, technical capacity and the drive of citizens have facilitated progress in the city of Barcelona in policies to reduce social inequalities in health.
Keywords: City planning; Desigualdades en salud; Factores socioeconómicos; Health inequalities; Planificación de ciudades; Socio-economic factors.
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