Anticipatory effect of execution on observation: an approach using ExoPinch finger robot

Turk J Med Sci. 2019 Aug 8;49(4):1054-1067. doi: 10.3906/sag-1812-143.


Background/aim: This study aims to explore the mirror neuron system (MNS) involvement using mu (8–12 Hz)/beta (15–25 Hz) band suppression in an action observation-execution paradigm.

Materials and methods: Electrophysiological (EEG) data from 16 electrodes were recorded while 8 participants observed video clips of a hand squeezing a spring. Specifically, the effect of anticipated execution on observation was studied. For this purpose, a fully actuated finger exoskeleton robot was utilized to synchronize observation and execution and to control the execution condition for the partici-pants. Anticipatory effect was created with a randomized robot accompany session.

Results: The results showed that the observational condition (with or without anticipation) interacted with hemisphere at central chan-nels near somatosensory cortex. Additionally, we explored the response of MNS on the kinetics features of visual stimuli (hard or soft spring).

Conclusion: he results showed an interaction effect of kinetics features and hemisphere at frontal channels corresponding nearly to the ventral premotor cortex area of the brain. The activation of mirror neurons in this area plays a crucial role in observational learning. Based on our results, we propose that specific type of visual stimuli can be combined with the functional abilities of the MNS in the ac-tion observation based treatment of hand motor dysfunction of stroke patients to have a positive additional impact.

Keywords: Mirror neurons; action observation; anticipation.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anticipation, Psychological / physiology*
  • Electroencephalography
  • Exoskeleton Device*
  • Humans
  • Learning / physiology*
  • Male
  • Mirror Neurons / physiology*
  • Photic Stimulation*
  • Stroke Rehabilitation
  • Videotape Recording