Our previous studies demonstrated the importance of arrestin domain containing 3 (ARRDC3), a metastasis suppressor, in inhibiting invasive and metastatic potential of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) in vitro and in vivo. However, little is known about ARRDC3 mediated transcriptional control and its target genes that are implicated in its metastatic suppressing activity. In this study, we used miRNA array and subsequent functional analyses to identify miRNAs whose expression are significantly regulated by ARRDC3 in TNBC cells. We identified miR-200b as a major target gene of ARRDC3. miR-200b played an essential role in mediating ARRDC3 dependent reversal of EMT phenotypes and chemo-resistance to DNA damaging agents in TNBC cells. Expression of miR-200b also increased the expression of ARRDC3 as well in TNBC cells, suggesting a positive feedback loop between these two molecules. In addition, we combined the therapeutic powers of miR-200b and 5-fluorourancil (5-FU) into a single compound (5-FU-miR-200b) to maximize the synergistic effects of these compounds. Chemically modified miR-200b (5-FU-miR-200b mimic) was more effective in inhibiting metastatic potentials of TNBC cells than unmodified miR-200b and does not require transfection reagents, implying its therapeutic potential in TNBC. Our studies showed the importance of therapeutic targeting ARRDC3/miR-200b pathway in TNBC.
Keywords: 5-fluorourancil (5-FU); ARRDC3; chemo-resistance; epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT); miR-200b; triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).