An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) used to study the cellular secretion of endothelial plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1)

Thromb Haemost. 1988 Feb 25;59(1):68-72.


A two-site sandwich ELISA was developed to measure PAI-1 antigen and utilised a polyclonal antiserum produced against PAI-1 purified from human endothelial cell secretory products. The assay was calibrated against a preparation of pure PAI-1 whose protein concentration had been determined by amino acid analysis and the detection limit was 30 pg PAI-1 ml-1 sample. PAI-1 was detected in primate sera but not in a wide range of non-primate sera and no cross-reactivity with alpha 2-antiplasmin or antithrombin III was observed. The ELISA was used to study cellular secretion of PAI-1 which was confirmed as a major secretory protein in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). PAI-1 antigen accumulated in the medium in a linear fashion with time and accounted for approximately equal to 10% of total secreted protein. Specific activity of intracellular PAI-1 was typically 20-fold greater than that of PAI-1 in 24 h conditioned medium and a t1/2 for inactivation of secreted PAI-1 of 0.53 h was calculated. Purified endotoxin stimulated the secretion of PAI-1 antigen and raised the intracellular levels in HUVEC cultures showing that the anti-fibrinolytic actions of endotoxin are effected by increasing the rate of synthesis and secretion of PAI-1.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Endothelium, Vascular / analysis*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Glycoproteins / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Plasminogen Activators / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Plasminogen Inactivators*


  • Glycoproteins
  • Plasminogen Inactivators
  • Plasminogen Activators