Composition and Potential Health Benefits of Pomegranate: A Review

Curr Pharm Des. 2019;25(16):1817-1827. doi: 10.2174/1381612825666190708183941.


Background: Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) fruits are widely consumed and used as preventive and therapeutic agents since ancient times. Pomegranate is a rich source of a variety of phytochemicals, which are responsible for its strong antioxidative and anti-inflammatory potential.

Objective: The aim of this review is to provide an up-to-date overview of the current knowledge of chemical structure and potential health benefits of pomegranate.

Methods: A comprehensive search of available literature.

Results: The review of the literature confirms that juice and extracts obtained from different parts of this plant, including fruit peel, seeds, and leaves exert health benefits in both in vitro and in vivo studies. The antidiabetic, antihypertensive, antimicrobial and anti-tumour effects of pomegranate fruit are of particular scientific and clinical interest.

Conclusion: Further investigations are required to clarify the mechanism of action of the bioactive ingredients and to reveal full potential of pomegranate as both preventive and therapeutic agent.

Keywords: Pomegranate; antioxidant; cancer; inflammatory disease; metabolic disease; polyphenols; pomegranate juice; pomegranate peel..

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / analysis
  • Antioxidants / analysis
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Fruit and Vegetable Juices / analysis
  • Phytochemicals / analysis
  • Plant Extracts / analysis
  • Pomegranate / chemistry*


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Antioxidants
  • Phytochemicals
  • Plant Extracts