Objective: Recently, long non-coding ribonucleic acids (lncRNAs) have attracted more attention for their roles in tumor progression. The aim of this study was to investigate the exact role of lncRNA MIAT in the progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to explore the possible underlying mechanism.
Patients and methods: MIAT expression in NSCLC tissue samples was detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The association between the expression of MIAT and the prognosis of NSCLC patients were explored. Furthermore, the wound healing assay and the transwell assay were conducted in vitro. In addition, the luciferase assay and the RNA immunoprecipitation assay (RIP) were used to elucidate the underlying mechanism.
Results: The MIAT expression in NSCLC tissues was significantly higher than that of the corresponding normal tissues. Meanwhile, the MIAT expression was associated with the overall survival time of NSCLC patients. The migration and invasion of cells were significantly promoted after MIAT was over-expressed in vitro. Meanwhile, the cell migration and cell invasion were obviously remarkedly inhibited after MIAT knock-down in vitro. Bioinformatics analysis predicted that microRNA-1246 (miR-1246) was as a novel target for MIAT. The expression of miR-1246 was significantly down-regulated or up-regulated after the overexpression or down-expression of MIAT, respectively. Further mechanism assays showed that miR-1246 was a direct target of MIAT in NSCLC.
Conclusions: MIAT enhanced the NSCLC cell migration and invasion via targeting miR-1246, which might be a potential biomarker in NSCLC.