Magnetic Resonance Imaging characteristics in case of TOR1AIP1 muscular dystrophy

Clin Imaging. Nov-Dec 2019;58:108-113. doi: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2019.06.010. Epub 2019 Jun 21.

Abstract

Mutations in the torsinA-interacting protein 1 (TOR1AIP1) gene result in a severe muscular dystrophy with minimal literature in the pediatric population. We review a case of TOR1AIP1 gene mutation in a 16-year-old Caucasian female with a long history of muscle weakness. Extensive clinical workup was performed and MRI at time of initial presentation demonstrated no significant muscular atrophy with heterogenous STIR hyperintensity of the lower extremity muscles. MRI findings seven years later included extensive atrophy of the lower extremities, with severe progression, including the gluteal muscles, iliopsoas, rectus femoris, and obturator internus. There was also significant atrophy of the rectus abdominis and internal and external oblique muscles, and iliacus muscles. The MRI findings showed more proximal involvement of lower extremities and no atrophy of the tibialis anterior, making TOR1AIP1 the more likely genetic cause. Muscle biopsy findings supported TOR1AIP1 limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. Though rare, TOR1AIP1 gene mutation occurs in pediatric patients and MRI can aid in diagnosis and help differentiate from other types of muscular dystrophy. Genetic and pathology workup is also crucial to accurate diagnosis and possible treatment of these patients.

Keywords: MRI; Muscular dystrophy; TorsinA-interacting protein 1 (TOR1AIP1).

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lower Extremity / pathology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Molecular Chaperones / genetics
  • Muscle Weakness / pathology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / pathology
  • Muscular Atrophy / pathology
  • Muscular Dystrophies, Limb-Girdle / genetics
  • Muscular Dystrophies, Limb-Girdle / pathology*

Substances

  • Molecular Chaperones
  • TOR1A protein, human