Eucalyptus camaldulensis (E. camaldulensis), called the eucalyptus has so many characteristics such as antimicrobial features. Common names include red gum, red chewing gum, river chewing gum, red chewing gum. Its class is Eucalyptus, which is comprised of 800 species worldwide, but three or four species are found in Australia. This tree generally grows on the edge of rivers with continuous or seasonal water. Most of the gray clay soils run along the riverside and are exposed to frequent floods, and clay content can save more water into the tree. Pharmacy departments and research groups have focused their attention on the cultivation and production of medicinal plants in many countries. Since plants, due to their particular nature, have inevitable the presence of certain defense mechanisms and antimicrobial agents in the form of androgens, they can be considered as a potential source of antimicrobial compounds. The active ingredient of these plants is primarily alkaloids, flavonoids, pigments, phenolics, terpenes, starches, steroids and essential oils. Recent studies have exhibited its antimicrobial effects against bacterial, fungal, parasitic and viral agents. In this study the effects against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacterbaumannii, Streptococcus pyogenes, Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella typhi, Shigella spp., Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, A. aegypti, A. albopictus, Culex pipiens, Trypanosoma brucei, Leishmania major, Trichomonas. Vaginalis, poliovirus type 1, coxsackie virus B, echovirus 6, West Nile Virus, herpes virus type 1, HSV-1 virus, Fusarium spp., Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, C. albicans, Alternaria alternata, Setosphaeria turcica and Magnaporthe grisea was revealed.
Keywords: Antimicrobial properties; Antiparasitic effects; Eucalyptus camaldulensis.
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