The complement system plays a critical role in innate immune defense against pathogens, both via non-specific direct pathogen recognition and killing or via antigen-specific indirect recruitment by complement fixing antibodies. While various assays for measuring complement activation have been developed, few provide a high-throughput, sample-sparing approach to interrogate the qualitative differences in the ability of antibodies to drive complement activation. Here we present a high-throughput, sample-sparing, bead-based assay to evaluate antigen-specific antibody-dependent complement activation against nearly any antigen. Optimization of buffer composition, kinetics of immune complex formation, as well as complement source all contribute critically to the development of a robust, highly flexible and high-throughput approach to analyze antibody-dependent complement deposition (ADCD). Thus, the optimized bead-based, antigen-specific assay represents a simple, highly adaptable platform to profile antibody-dependent complement activation across pathogens and diseases.
Keywords: ADCD; Antibody-dependent effector function; Complement; Fc receptor; High-throughput.
Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.