In order to expand the arsenal of biologically active substances of anticonvulsive action by the interaction of 2-(2,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydroquinazolin-3(2H)-yl)acetic acid with the corresponding amines in the presence of N,N'-carbonyldiimidazole in the dioxane medium, a systematic series of 2-(2,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydroquinazolin-3(2H)-yl)-N-R-acetamides was obtained. A novel approach to synthesis of the key intermediate - 2-(2,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydro-quinazolin-3(2H)-yl)acetic acid was developed. The structure and purity of the resulting substances was confirmed by elemental analysis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectroscopy and LC/MS. Based on the results of docking studies using SCIGRESS software, selected compounds with the best affinity for anticonvulsant protein biomes (PDB codes: 4COF, 3F8E and 1 EOU) are promising for experimental studies of anticonvulsant activity. A comparative analysis of the results of molecular docking and in vivo results suggests that there is a positive correlation between scoring protein inhibition and experimental data. Pharmacological studies have revealed the leader compound 2-(2,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydroquinazolin-3(2H)-yl)-N-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methyl]acet-amide, which improved all the experimental convulsive syndrome rates in mice without motor coordination impairment and may be recommended for further research. The lowest values of the scoring function of the ligand-peptide interaction are obtained for the synthesized compound and сarbonic anhydrase II (gene name CA2) (PDB code 1 EOU), so its inhibition is proposed by us as the most probable mechanism of the anticonvulsive effect of the leader compound.
Keywords: 2-(2,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydroquinazolin-3(2H)-yl)acetamide; Anticonvulsant activity; Molecular docking; Synthesis.
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.