Ventricular differences between hydrostatic hydrocephalus and hydrocephalus ex vacuo by computed tomography

Neuroradiology. 1979 Apr 26;17(4):191-5. doi: 10.1007/BF00342746.


Transaxial CT scans of 100 patients with hydrostatic hydrocephalus and 50 patients with hydrocephalus ex vacuo have been reviewed with respect to measurements of: frontal horn ratio, width of the temporal horns, width of the third ventricle, width of cerebral fissures and sulci. The diagnosis of hydrostatic hydrocephalus is probable when (a) both temporal tips are visualized and measure 2 mm or greater in width and the sylvian and interhemispheric fissures and cerebral sulci are not visible, or (b) there is visualization of temporal horn tips measuring 2 mm or greater in width and the lateral ventricles are symmetrically enlarged with the frontal horn ratio 0.50 or more.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Ventriculography
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / diagnostic imaging*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed