Background: Approximately 50% of patients with polycythemia vera (PV) have PV-related symptoms at diagnosis; these symptoms might develop or worsen with time. Symptoms have been shown to negatively affect quality of life and interfere with daily activities. To our knowledge, an analysis to evaluate the relationship between blood count control and symptoms has not been published.
Patients and methods: The Prospective Observational Study of Patients with Polycythemia Vera in US Clinical Practices (REVEAL; NCT02252159) is a multicenter, noninterventional, nonrandomized prospective observational study of patients with PV in the United States. Patients included were required to have a complete blood count result within 30 days before completing the at-enrollment Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Self-Assessment Form Total Symptom Score (MPN-SAF TSS). Symptom severity was compared between those who had blood count control versus those who did not.
Results: At the time of enrollment, 1714 patients (94.5%) were being managed with cytoreductive therapy; 468 patients (25.8%) had complete hematologic remission (CHR), 1614 patients (89.0%) had ≥1 controlled blood count, and 1122 patients (61.9%) had ≥2 controlled blood counts. Mean MPN-SAF TSSs were similar across patients in different blood count control groups. Fatigue was the most frequently reported symptom. The severity of individual symptoms, except those of pruritus and night sweats, was not affected by CHR or the number of blood counts that were controlled.
Conclusion: Symptom burden in patients with PV can persist despite control of blood counts, which suggests some discordance between laboratory values and symptom burden. Consequently, regular monitoring of symptom burden should be factored into the assessment of disease control.
Keywords: Blood count control; MPN-SAF TSS; Polycythemia vera; REVEAL; Symptom burden.
Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.