Investigation of Reduced Graphene Oxide and a Nb-Doped TiO2 Nanotube Hybrid Structure To Improve the Gas-Sensing Response and Selectivity

ACS Sens. 2019 Aug 23;4(8):2094-2100. doi: 10.1021/acssensors.9b00772. Epub 2019 Jul 26.


The precise detection of flammable and explosive gases and vapors remains an important issue because of the increasing demand for renewable energy sources and safety requirements in industrial processes. Metal oxides (TiO2, SnO2, ZnO, etc.) are very attractive materials for the manufacturing of chemical gas sensors. However, their gas selectivity issues and further improvement in the sensing response remain a significant challenge. The incorporation of metal oxides with two-dimensional (2D) graphene oxide (GO) is considered to be a promising approach to obtaining hybrid structures with improved gas-sensing performance. Herein, we report the development of GO and niobium-doped titanium dioxide nanotube (NT) hybrid structures with a tunable selectivity and sensing response against hydrogen gas, achieved by properly controlling the degree of reduction and concentration of GO. The effects of these parameters are systematically studied in terms of the response amplitude and selectivity. It was found that, compared to undoped titanium dioxide nanotubes, the hybrid material with an optimal concentration of reduced-GO and the introduction of niobium shows an increase in hydrogen response of about an order of magnitude and a simultaneous reduction of the response to possible interfering compounds such as carbon monoxide and acetone, thus providing enhanced selectivity. This research may provide an efficient way to enhance the chemical sensing performance of metal oxide nanomaterials.

Keywords: H-sensing; doped TiO; graphene oxide; hybrid structure; niobium doping; selectivity; thermal reduction.

MeSH terms

  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • Electrochemical Techniques*
  • Graphite / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen / analysis*
  • Molecular Structure
  • Nanotubes / chemistry*
  • Niobium / chemistry*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Titanium / chemistry*


  • graphene oxide
  • Niobium
  • titanium dioxide
  • Graphite
  • Hydrogen
  • Titanium