Objectives: Anti-β2 glycoprotein I domain I (anti-domain I) and anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin (aPS/PT) antibodies are present in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS); however, their use in evaluation remains unclear.
Methods: Diagnostic attributes of lupus anticoagulant (LAC), anti-domain I IgG, anti-cardiolipin, anti-β2 glycoprotein I (anti-β2GPI), and aPS/PT IgG and IgM antibodies were assessed in 216 patients evaluated for APS.
Results: LAC had the best odds ratio (OR, 14.2) while that for anti-domain 1 IgG was comparable to anti-β2GPI IgG (OR, 8.3 vs 9.4) but higher than all others. Significant correlations were observed for thrombosis (P = .03) and pregnancy-related morbidity (P = .001) with anti-domain IgG and for any thrombosis with aPS/PT IgG (P = .006). Use of noncriteria antiphospholipid with or without criteria markers did not significantly increase the probability to diagnose APS.
Conclusions: Noncriteria tests can contribute to diagnosis and stratification of APS but do not improve diagnostic yield. Optimal strategies for implementation require prospective investigation.
Keywords: Antiphospholipid antibodies; Antiphospholipid syndrome; Diagnostic significance.
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