A clinical scoring system for congenital contractural arachnodactyly

Genet Med. 2020 Jan;22(1):124-131. doi: 10.1038/s41436-019-0609-8. Epub 2019 Jul 18.


Purpose: Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder manifesting joint contractures, arachnodactyly, crumpled ears, and kyphoscoliosis as main features. Due to its rarity, rather aspecific clinical presentation, and overlap with other conditions including Marfan syndrome, the diagnosis is challenging, but important for prognosis and clinical management. CCA is caused by pathogenic variants in FBN2, encoding fibrillin-2, but locus heterogeneity has been suggested. We designed a clinical scoring system and diagnostic criteria to support the diagnostic process and guide molecular genetic testing.

Methods: In this retrospective study, we assessed 167 probands referred for FBN2 analysis and classified them into a FBN2-positive (n = 44) and FBN2-negative group (n = 123) following molecular analysis. We developed a 20-point weighted clinical scoring system based on the prevalence of ten main clinical characteristics of CCA in both groups.

Results: The total score was significantly different between the groups (P < 0.001) and was indicative for classifying patients into unlikely CCA (total score <7) and likely CCA (total score ≥7) groups.

Conclusions: Our clinical score is helpful for clinical guidance for patients suspected to have CCA, and provides a quantitative tool for phenotyping in research settings.

Keywords: Beals syndrome; clinical score; congenital contractural arachnodactyly; diagnostic criteria; fibrillin-2.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arachnodactyly / diagnosis*
  • Arachnodactyly / genetics
  • Child
  • Contracture / diagnosis*
  • Contracture / genetics
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Female
  • Fibrillin-2 / genetics*
  • Genetic Testing
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Marfan Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Marfan Syndrome / genetics
  • Phenotype
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / methods*


  • FBN2 protein, human
  • Fibrillin-2

Supplementary concepts

  • Congenital contractural arachnodactyly