General health, sense of coherence and coping styles in parents participating in Workshops for Parents of Hyperactive Children

Psychiatr Pol. 2019 Apr 30;53(2):419-432. doi: 10.12740/PP/94382. Epub 2019 Apr 30.
[Article in English, Polish]


Objectives: The assessment of changes in the general health, sense of coherence and stress coping styles in parents of children and adolescents with ADHD, participating in 12-week Workshops for Parents of Hyperactive Children.

Methods: The experimental group included 186 mothers and 139 fathers (parents of 199 children); the reference group included 23 mothers and 19 fathers (parents of 24 children), attending 1-2 standard medical visits within a 12-week period (treatment as usual). Parents from both groups were assessed twice using (1) the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), (2) the Life Orientation Questionnaire (SOC-29), and (3) the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS).

Results: (1) The experimental group showed a significant improvement in the severity of somatic symptoms and anxiety/insomnia in mothers and the general well-being of mothers and fathers. We observed the influence of workshops on manageability and reduction of the emotion-oriented coping in mothers; (2) the participation in the workshops was associated with a statistically significant effect (mostly moderate) in relation to general health of mothers, while TAU was mostly associated with a low or insignificant effect.

Conclusions: The assessed form of interventions improves the functioning of parents of children with ADHD.

Keywords: ADHD; the functioning of parents; workshops for parents.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology*
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / therapy
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parent-Child Relations*
  • Parenting / psychology*
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Sense of Coherence*
  • Social Support
  • Surveys and Questionnaires