Association between meaningful use of electronic health records and patient health outcomes in schizophrenia: a retrospective database analysis

Am J Manag Care. 2019 Jul;25(9 Suppl):S159-S165.


Improvements in patient outcomes from the meaningful use of electronic health records (EHRs) have not been extensively studied among patients with schizophrenia. This study assessed the association between EHR use, provision of quality care, and patient outcomes. Providers who were at least 50% compliant with current requirements for the CMS Electronic Health Records Incentive Program were classified as EHR providers. Quality of mental health care was assessed using 4 Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set indicators. Patient outcomes included inpatient admissions and emergency department visits. A total of 18,305 providers (EHR: 16.6%; non-EHR: 83.3%) treated 27,153 patients with schizophrenia. EHR use was associated with improved rates of diabetes screening (77.9% vs 72.4%; P <.001), diabetes monitoring (72.1% vs 61.4%; P <.001), and better antipsychotic adherence (54.7% vs 36.6%; P <.001). EHR use was also associated with fewer inpatient admissions (15.9% vs 25.2%; P <.001) and emergency department visits (32.2% vs 49.3%; P <.001). These data suggest that EHR use may have a positive influence on the process and outcomes of psychiatric care when treating patients with schizophrenia. More research is needed to identify the drivers of the influence of EHRs and to develop programs that ensure all EHR users enjoy the same potential benefits as demonstrated here.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Databases, Factual
  • Electronic Health Records / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meaningful Use / statistics & numerical data*
  • Patient Care Management / methods*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Schizophrenia / epidemiology
  • Schizophrenia / therapy*