Structural elucidation and immunomodulatory activity of a β-D-glucan prepared by freeze-thawing from Hericium erinaceus

Carbohydr Polym. 2019 Oct 15;222:114996. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.114996. Epub 2019 Jun 19.


H6PC20, a water-soluble β-D-glucan, with a molecular mass of 2390 kDa (HPSEC-MALLS-RI), was obtained by extracting the fresh fruiting bodies of Hericium erinaceus at mature stage with hot water, freeze-thawing, precipitating and further rinsing with 20% (v/v) of ethanol. The primary structure of H6PC20 was proposed as a β-(1→3)-linked-D-glucan with a (1→6)-β-linked-D- glucopyranosyl side-branching unit on every third residue by using methylation analysis, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including COSY, TOCSY, HSQC and HMBC. The ρ value (Rg/Rh) and the exponent (α) of [η] = k Mwα of H6PC20 were calculated as 1.86 and 0.54, respectively, indicating flexible random coil conformation of H6PC20 in aqueous solution. H6PC20 could induce the proliferation of lymphocytes and enhance the expression of inflammatory cytokines IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β secreted by THP-1 macrophages. The present study indicated that the macromolecular β-glucan H6PC20 possessed potent immune-enhancing bioactivities and could be a potential ingredient for healthy food or medicine development.

Keywords: Hericium erinaceus; Immunomodulation activity; Structural analysis; β-D-glucan.

MeSH terms

  • Agaricales / chemistry*
  • Animals
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Fruiting Bodies, Fungal / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Factors / chemistry
  • Immunologic Factors / isolation & purification
  • Immunologic Factors / pharmacology*
  • Lymphocytes / drug effects
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Molecular Weight
  • THP-1 Cells
  • beta-Glucans / chemistry
  • beta-Glucans / isolation & purification
  • beta-Glucans / pharmacology*


  • Cytokines
  • Immunologic Factors
  • beta-Glucans