Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2019 Aug;28(Suppl 2):175-181.
doi: 10.1007/s11248-019-00148-z.

Regulation of Genome Edited Technologies in India


Regulation of Genome Edited Technologies in India

Murali Krishna Chimata et al. Transgenic Res. .


In India, genetically modified organisms and products thereof are regulated under the "Rules for the manufacture, use, import, export and storage of hazardous microorganisms, genetically engineered organisms or cells, 1989" (referred to as Rules, 1989) notified under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. These Rules are implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Department of Biotechnology and State Governments though six competent authorities. The Rules, 1989 are supported by series of guidelines on contained research, biologics, confined field trials, food safety assessment, environmental risk assessment etc. The definition of genetic engineering in the Rules, 1989 implies that new genome engineering technologies including gene editing technologies like CRISPR/Cas9 and gene drives may be covered under the rules. The regulatory authorities if required, may also review the experiences of other countries in dealing with such new and emerging technologies.

Keywords: GEAC; Genome editing; India; Regulation.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 1 article


    1. Trends Biotechnol. 2015 Feb;33(2):62-4 - PubMed
    1. J Food Sci Technol. 2013 Dec;50(6):1035-46 - PubMed
    1. Crit Rev Biotechnol. 2014 Mar;34(1):77-88 - PubMed
    1. GM Crops Food. 2016 Jan 2;7(1):12-9 - PubMed
    1. Crit Rev Biotechnol. 2016 Aug;36(4):675-90 - PubMed

LinkOut - more resources