Metaproteomic and Metabolomic Approaches for Characterizing the Gut Microbiome

Proteomics. 2019 Aug;19(16):e1800363. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201800363. Epub 2019 Jul 31.


The gut microbiome has been shown to play a significant role in human healthy and diseased states. The dynamic signaling that occurs between the host and microbiome is critical for the maintenance of host homeostasis. Analyzing the human microbiome with metaproteomics, metabolomics, and integrative multi-omics analyses can provide significant information on markers for healthy and diseased states, allowing for the eventual creation of microbiome-targeted treatments for diseases associated with dysbiosis. Metaproteomics enables functional activity information to be gained from the microbiome samples, while metabolomics provides insight into the overall metabolic states affecting/representing the host-microbiome interactions. Combining these functional -omic platforms together with microbiome composition profiling allows for a holistic overview on the functional and metabolic state of the microbiome and its influence on human health. Here the benefits of metaproteomics, metabolomics, and the integrative multi-omic approaches to investigating the gut microbiome in the context of human health and diseases are reviewed.

Keywords: mass spectrometry; metabolomics; metaproteomics; microbiome; multi-omics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacteria / classification
  • Bacteria / genetics
  • Bacteria / metabolism*
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome*
  • Gene Expression Profiling / methods*
  • Humans
  • Metabolomics / methods*
  • Microbiota*
  • Neoplasms / genetics
  • Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Neoplasms / microbiology
  • Obesity / genetics
  • Obesity / metabolism
  • Obesity / microbiology
  • Proteomics / methods*


  • Bacterial Proteins